10 Quick Facts About Aurangzeb Alamgir

Aurangzeb Alamgir
Muḥī al-Dīn Muḥammad 6th Mughal Emperor
Full NameMuḥī al-Dīn Muḥammad
Born3 November 1618, Dahod
Death3 March 1707, Bhingar, Ahmednagar
Cause of Death Old age and Illness
ParentsShah Jahan > Mumtaz Mahal
SpouseNawab Bai (m. 1638–1691) > Dilras Banu Begum (m. 1637–1657) > Aurangabadi Mahal (m. 1654–1688)
DynastyMughal Empire
Aurangzeb SonsBahadur Shah > Muhammad Akbar > Muhammad Azam Shah > Muhammad Sultan > Muhammad Kam Bakhsh
Aurangzeb Daughter’sZeb-un-Nissa > Zinat-un-Nissa Begum > Zubdat-un-Nissa Begum > Badr-un-Nissa Begum > Mihr-un-Nissa Begum
Character & SkillsExtraordinary ability, strict discipline and a hard working
GraveKhuldabad, Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, India.

Main Article:- Muḥī al-Dīn Muḥammad

15 Interesting Facts about Aurangzeb Alamgir

1. Aurangzeb was a serious-minded youth and a devout Muslim.

2.  His father, Shah Jahan, assigned him several military responsibilities at a very young age.

3. Aurangzeb headed the army sent to Bundelkhand to vanquish the forces under the rebellious ruler of Orchha, Jhujhar Singh. The Mughal army succeeded in the campaign, and Jhujhar Singh got expelled from the throne.

4. Shah Jahan appointed Aurangzeb as the governor of the Balkh region, which was under constant threat from the Uzbeks and Turkmen tribes.

5. Aurangzeb was known as “Zinda Pir” or “Darvesh” due to his simple way of living and high-level thinking.

6. He prohibited Kalma, an Islamic Inscription on coins, as he believed it might get polluted when passed from one person to another.

7. He also increased the land tax to meet the state expenses, which affected the Hindu Jats to a great extent.

8. In 1667, he banned the use of firecrackers and fireworks in all the states under his rule.

9. The famous Vishwanath temple in Banaras, and Keshav Rai in Mathura, were destroyed, and mosques were built in the same spot.

10. On 4th September 1686, the Mughal army led by Aurangzeb captured the Bijapur fort after defeating Sikandar Ali Shah, the ruler of Bijapur.

11. Aurangzeb inspired Islamic calligraphy during his reign. Quran manuscripts in the Naskh style were popular during the time.

12. During his reign, he built Bibi Ka Maqbara in Aurangabad and Badshahi Masjid in Lahore.

13. In 1687, Aurangzeb led the huge Mughal army against the Qutbshahis to capture the Golconda fort

14. He opposed the renovation of old houses of worship, stating that “buildings cannot last forever”.

15.He put restrictions on the celebration of Nauroz, a festival celebrated by the Safavid rulers of Iran.

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